We have often Come across the RICEFW/ WRICEF terms in SAP and are unaware of this terminology, some new ones in SAP Worlds. We shall cover all aspects of RICEFW in this article. This blog focuses on the RICEFW and its purpose within the context of an SAP project. RICEFW refers to Reports Interface, Conversion, Enhancements Forms, Workflows, and Reports
What is WRICEF
To fulfill various business objectives, a typical SAP setup includes numerous types of custom solutions. Custom developments in SAP implementation projects can be divided into six main development types: workflow, report, interface, conversion upgrade, and forms which call WRICEF.
What is RICEFW |What exactly is RICEF mean?
Reports, Interfaces, Enhancements, Conversions, Forms, and Workflow are acronyms for RICEFW. The technical and functional consultants are involved in RICEFW throughout their SAP project’s lifecycle in the implementation phase. . When a business requirement cannot be accomplished using traditional SAP functions or Standard configuration. We need RICEFW Objects. Every object is defined according to the RICEFW classifications used in any roll-out, implementation, upgrade, or migration project.
What is RICEFW used for?
If business requirements cannot be met by the standard configuration during the project implementation phase, we will need to develop a customized object to satisfy the business needs. These items will be developed separately. A different team is working on RICEFW development. We will need to create the functional specification for RICEF technical objects that affect their respective businesses process. Let’s understand the steps of different development.
Generally, it is referred to like the word “RICEFW” is used to describe it.
- R – Reports This includes classic and interactive reports
- I-Interfaces to other SAP and Third Part Tools – This article is about ALE/IDoc
- C – Conversion includes BDC‘s and LSMW’s utilized.
- E – Enhancement – This is what we call BADIs and user-exits.
- F – Forms (Output) Forms (Output) includes Smart Forms
Let’s take a closer look at each of those components.
R – Reports
R is a reference to report programming. Of course, the first is traditional report programming, the WRITE statement. After that, it refers to that you are programming using functions that are ALV and ABAP objects.
If the standard reports don’t include the necessary features to meet the customer’s needs, the project team creates custom reports. To do this, it’s important to know the full need and then finish your selection screens, the key fields, and the output format that will be produced when the report is completed. The report is then regarded as a RICEFW object
SAP database. Reports can be described as ABAP programs that generally produce data (reports) as lists from the SAP database. Reports are typically displayed online and through the display. They are also downloaded and sent as attachments to emails (usually spreadsheets or spreadsheets) or delivered directly to the storage spool (and could even be printed). Reports that are performance-heavy (that contain a large amount of data or take a long duration to complete) and periodic reports are generally performed in batch mode
Reports in SAP is a custom operation constructed using one or more applications that retrieve the necessary information from the database. It creates or displays output after the report’s execution according to the input criteria entered in the screen for selecting the transaction entered by the user. It’s a visual display of data in the format required based upon a particular option. The following are the report types:
- Standard reports are available in SAP and are provided by the standard SAP only.
- Custom-designed reports made by project staff using the standard SAP reports as a basis for reference.
- Queries create our report using regular SAP tables.
.The ABAP workbench comes with an ABAP Editor (se38) to produce reports. ABAP List Viewer ALV (ABAP functions) is widely employed within ABAP programs to generate reports. SAP Query is another tool for creating reports. Certain SAP modules come with specialized reporting tools, such as that of the Report Painter It is also known as the QuickViewer, which can be a different tool to create customized reports developed within the system live on a demand basis.
Examples of reports are open sales order reports, block sales order reports,s etc.
I – Interfaces
Interfaces are ABAP functions, programs, and other components that allow exchanging and transferring of information and data between several systems. Most often, interfaces retrieve information directly from the original system and then send data to target systems (outbound) or upgrade the target system using the data received by the system that originated them (inbound) and without intervention from users.
Interfaces are an ALE and IDOC advancements. It’s not just development, but ABAP programmers for ALE /IDOCs customization as per the business requirement. In most businesses, there are many processes within departments like Sales, Procurement Finance & Logistics They are all managed through external third-party systems, which are non-SAP systems. For instance, they utilize third-party logistical systems to select and pack the shipment and deliver the delivery during shipping. To do this it, the SAP delivery details are sent to an external system that is not SAP while it is then the Pack, Pick, and Shipment details are received from the SAP system via middleware. These EDI messages are sent via Interfaces and IDocs. To transfer the data.
SAP offers standard EDI structures that have distinct sections and fields. But, we still need to design customized segments and fields since the segments we require are not with the default. To do that, the functional consultant will need to provide the specifics of the data that needs to be received, transferred, and the fields, segments, and so on to the ABAP team. This can then be considered an additional RICEFW object.
Interfaces can be designed as RFC functions that are RFC-enabled (for distant calls), IDOC processing function modules, ABAP programs that can create or process files, or perform RFC calls. IDOC is producing ABAP functions or programs, ABAP programs or functions that can perform BDC and other functions.
C – Conversion
Most conversions are BDC programming functions for batch input, BDC programming modules BDC DATA arrangement, or CALL TRANSACTION. Perhaps conversion refers to traditional programmers being converted for batch input. It could be that it’s LSMW.
Conversions can be created using ABAP programs using CATT scripts, LSMW (for extremely little information), BDCs, BAPI functions, or generates IDocs.
Once the SAP system is successfully implemented, The company is expected to end its old systems. hence upload the data into the SAP system such as Materials Master, Customer Master, Inventory Master, etc. This means that their live data will need to be uploaded to SAP. The data has to be converted from one format to another according to the requirements of the system. This is known as a conversion.
SAP application. The business team pulls the data from their previous legacy systems. The project team is then looking to import the details into the SAP system, using SAP tools for data migration such as BDC, LSMW, LTMC, and more. The functional consultant collaborates with the client and technical group members to develop programs that take the data from these files and then load it into SAP. This will result in new objects on the RICEFW list.
Conversions are programs that facilitate transferring data the new system developed from a previous system. The system that was the source (which contained the data) could be retired or even coexist following the conversion. Conversions are often referred to by the name of “migrations” or “data migration.” The conversion process may require a lot of manual or programmed adjustments and modifications to data to adapt it to the current system. If the original system is not retired by the time of transformation, an interface might be constructed instead of a conversion. In this case, the entire data needed will be loaded when the system is “cutover” using the interface.
Conversion objects depend completely on the module that is being implemented. Examples of conversions include the customer master (SD) and vendor master (MM) general ledgers (FI), etc.
E – Enhancements
If the requirements of the business cannot be met with the standard SAP features, The team in charge of the project will develop customized functions through modification of SAP’s SAP standard. These are referred to as enhancements
Enhancements can include the user’s exit, implementation of BADI Business Transaction Events (BTE) and transactions dialogs, or executable ABAP applications that make use of BAPI calls, function calls, BDCs, functions, IDocs, form exit, fields exit tasks, workflow objects, and templates, etc.
Enhancements are objects and programs which control, modify or generate data produced through the conventional SAP system. Enhancements are needed when the configurations provided by the standard SAP system aren’t sufficient to fulfill the requirements of the system or system.
Enhancement could be validations, additional inputs from users, captured data, and data created in addition to the original workflows, extra updates of data, or alerts. Enhancements are the most numerous and type of ABAP objects that are part of the course of an application or the project.
Enhancement is created from the technical ABAP consultants who use BADIs or enhancement frameworks and the user’s exits. These are the new RICEFW objects in which the functional team of the project works alongside the business team to collect the requirements and then collaborate with the team of technical specialists to alter or use SAP’s SAP standard and develop the custom solution as according to the business requirements.
F – Forms
Forms include SAPscript form, SAPscript print programs, and Smart Forms. SAP offers ABAP Workbench tools such as SAP Script, Smart forms, Adobe interactive forms, OLE, and more. to develop “Forms”.
Forms are outputs of print generated by the SAP application following the saving of transactional information. Examples include Purchase Order print material document print, Purchase Order print Delivery docket, and Pick Ticket physical Inventory sheet Labels print. Standard SAP offers an established format and template for all of these forms; however, these pre-defined forms may not meet business requirements because they might want to include a company logo or legal print content within the documents. The functional team has to use ABAP and design customized forms based on the business requirements.
Forms are ABAP applications and objects that produce easily read, printable and formatted outputs, typically shared with partners (customers, banks, vendors, employees, benefit companies and government agencies, etc.). They can be printed, or sent by fax or emailed in an email attachment (pdf and otf documents, pdf) or simply shown on the screen (and users can decide either to print it, send it via fax, or email it).
A few examples of forms are Customer Invoice, Vendor Invoice, Payment advice slip, etc, and more.
Workflows are objects and programs that facilitate a multi-step process. They can be created with workflow objects or as single-step tasks. They are also possible to create with customized programming. They can be simple notifications, involve user choice or user action, or review or a background procedure that includes an update.
To simplify things, workflows are classified as enhancements. Despite any possibility that it may be multi-step, most workflows share the same characteristics as enhancements. They can also be interactive, and the source and the target are identical to the system on which they are located and update information in the system.
So in summary RICEFW refers to the below objects listed . This leads to the end of this topic
What is SAP functional specification?
The Functional Specification, a comprehensive document, was created in response to the business requirements document.The Functional Specification is a document that describes the functions of a specific Objects,technical Details & Functionality
How to check RICEF in SAP
SAP’s Custom development is simple to find. TADIR (Directory of Repository Objects) table stores all objects within SAP. As a result, we can look up the TADIR or TRDIR table by using the naming convention Z*. This section contains a list of the custom objects that have been created within the system.
You can also read more articles from saptutorials