Learning SAP Forms For Beginners in sap ABAP

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In this article, we will understand SAP Forms tools. SmartForms technology allows designing print forms. By replacing a paper document with an electronic form, potential errors are reduced, and the process is made more transparent and trackable throughout the system (the form is linked to SAP, but the staff member is not).

What is SAP Forms

It is widely used for Print and sending SAP documents such as invoices, order confirmations & Delivery notifications, etc. Smart Form allows developers to use this program to create online forms, PDF files, e-mails, and papers. The utility provides an interface for creating and maintaining a form’s layout and logic. SAP also has various forms for business operations, such as invoices for customers, vendors, payment advice which is already catering Sales and Distribution (SD), Material Management(MM) & Financial Accounting (FI).

Instead of utilizing a programming tool, the tool allows you to alter forms using basic graphical tools. which help the business user with no programming skills they can easily fill out these forms with information for a business process only

There are numerous forms available in SAP e,g SmartForms, SAP script, Adobe forms, Interactive forms. Let’s get into details

SAP Script

SAP script is a text processing system that is comparable to the top text processing systems in the world in terms of scope and form. Pre-formatted forms are used by SAP Scripts to print pre-formatted text.it is very old-fashioned. SAP Scripts has the below features are as follows.

  • Editor: This is a programme that allows you to insert and edit text lines.
  • Sap scripts Layouts & styles setting used to print layout of a particulars forms, and creates individual texts for any business forms
  • Composer is used produce output for the forms
  • Programming interface is used control how the page layout sets for displayed.
  • Database: SAP Scripts makes use of a number of database tables that may store a vast number of texts, sets, and styles.
SAP script
SAP script

Interactive forms

The form might be interactive, or it can simply be a printout with no editable elements. Interactive forms can be completed either online (with SAP integration) or offline (without SAP integration). The form can be sent by e-mail, saved to a local disc, completed offline, and returned. The form, which is built on SAP NetWeaver Portal, can also be posted using Web Dynpro technology.

Developers working in the SAP environment can employ a variety of technologies for creating interactive forms. Interactive forms can be generated through SAP NetWeaver Studio or using SE80 Both settings are integrated with Adobe LiveCycle Designer, a tool used to develop the forms.

Adobe forms

The entered data and layout information are stored in Adobe forms using the XML format. The procedure of transmitting information between the SAP system and end-users has been made standardized thanks to this standard. The PDF format allows any sort of form to be supported, and it will look nearly identical to its printed counterpart. As a result, users who are used to the layout of hardcopy forms will find switching to the electronic version relatively simple.

SmartForms

With release 4.6C, Smart Form technology has replaced SAPscript technology, while Interactive Forms by Adobe has replaced Smart Forms since release 6.40. Smart Forms forms for different central business operations are provided (starting with BBP; SD, MM, HR 4.6C). Migration of SAP script forms supported

Interactive Webforms (XSF, Basis Release 4.6C; HTML+XSF, SAP Web AS 6.10) based on generated XML output.

smart forms
smart forms

ABAP programs must “call” them in order for spools to be generated and ready to print.. When a smart form is active, a function module is created that must be called by an ABAP program. You should never take the name of this function module at face value, as it may change after import in each system.

Data is retrieved from both static and dynamic tables in a Smart Form.. The table heading and the subtotal is specified by the triggered events and the data is then sorted before the final output. it includes visuals in a Smart Form that can be displayed as part of the form or as the background. If necessary, you can also turn off a backdrop graphic while printing a form.

Data is retrieved from both static and dynamic tables in a Smart Form. The triggered events define the table title and subtotal, and the data is then sorted before being produced. You can include visuals in a Smart Form that can be displayed as part of the form or as the background. If necessary, you can also turn off a backdrop graphic while printing a form.

Advanatges of Smart Forms

  • Texts, photos, tables, and barcodes can all be embedded.
  • Importing parameters must be defined in order for an ABAP programme to submit data to be printed.
  • When a smart form is active, a function module is created that must be called by an ABAP programme. You should never take the name of this function module at face value, as it may change after import in each system.
  • Texts, photos, tables, and barcodes can all be embedded.
  • Due to the totally graphical user interface, they assist in the adaptation of forms without the need for programming experience.
  • When the smart form is activated, the system builds the function module automatically and during runtime.
  • We must use Drag & Drop, Cut & Paste to make any modifications. These acts exclude the creation of coding lines or the use of a scripting language.
  • We have the ability to insert both static and dynamic tables. Line feeds in individual table cells, triggering events for table headings and subtotals, and sorting data before output are all examples of this.
  • The user can include graphics in smart forms, which can be shown as part of the form or as background images. During printing, the user can turn off or off the backdrop graphic as needed.
  • The resulting XML output can be used for web publishing.
  • On your design page, windows are output regions.
  • Various sorts of windows

In SAP, how do you make SmartForms?

sap forms tcode
sap forms tcode

Update the name of a new form on the first screen.

sap smart forms tutorial
sap smart forms tutorial

Form Builder

Form Builder will appear in the screen. Form Builder has three basic tabs to control the smart forms

how to create smart forms in sap abap
how to create smart forms in sap abap

Control Flow and Conditions:

In an SAP smart form, regulate the flow processing for the tree hierarchy defined in the navigation pane. By Double click on Node with the condition, We can check specific logic or condition with two operands in the condition tab.

smart forms example
smart forms example

Output Formats

You can print smart forms in the Output Text format, as well as a variety of additional output formats for various purposes, such as XML for smart forms and HTML for displaying a form in a web browser. Some of the most often used output formats are listed below.

  • Output Text Format This is a standard output text format that is widely used in SAP systems for printing forms. You can also convert it to another format, such as PDF.
  • XSF Output This is a smart form’s XML format. It shows the form content of a processed form but not the layout information.
  • HTML Format: The form can also be shown in a Web browser. It’s a hybrid of the XSF output and HTML format, in which content is processed without any layout information and data is presented to a web browser in form format.
SAP Smart Forms – Output Formats
SAP Smart Forms – Output Formats

We hope you found this article helpful in understanding the SAP Forms for beginners. Here are a few articles you should read.

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