Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC): A Guided Journey

SDLC, meaning Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC), is a software development process. It includes requirements gathering, design, development, testing, and maintenance. The software development life cycle is a process of software development that includes stages like requirements gathering, design, development, testing, and maintenance.

Software Engineering’s Software Development Life Cycle serves as our guide, leading us through the intricate process of producing robust and reliable software products. Let’s embark together on this adventure:

What is SDLC 

SDLC is a process for developing information systems through investigation, analysis, design, implementation, and maintenance. it is also known as the development of information systems or applications. It’s also known as the Waterfall Model. Several methodologies or models can be used to guide the life cycle of software development.

At its core, SDLC describes a structured process we take when designing, developing, testing, deploying and maintaining software applications. However, unlike its linear predecessor, it adapts dynamically based on project needs, team collaboration needs and ever-evolving requirements.

Some of these include the following:

  • Linear or Waterfall Model
  • Agile methodology
  • Rapid Application Development (RAD)
  • Joint Application Development (JAD)
  • Prototype

The Software Development Life Cycle ( SDLC) is a process of formal, logical steps to develop a software product. The phases of SDLC may vary slightly but generally include the following:


What are the stages of SDLC?

Analysis of Requirements

The first task in creating it is to extract the requirements of the desired software product. While customers are likely to believe that they know what software needs to be done, it may require skills and experience in software engineering to recognize incomplete, ambiguous, or contradictory requirements.


The specification is the task of accurately describing the software to be written mathematically rigorously. In practice, most successful specifications are written to be easy to understand and fine-tune with the applications. Although safety-critical software systems are often carefully specified prior to application development, they have already been well developed. Specifications are essential for external interfaces, which need to remain stable.

Architecture of software

The software system’s architecture refers to the system’s abstract representation. Architecture is concerned with ensuring that the software system meets the requirements of the product and that future requirements can be addressed. The architecture step also addresses interfaces between the software system and other software products and the operating system in the hardware or host.


Reducing the design to the code may be the most obvious part of the software engineering work, but it is not necessarily the biggest.


Testing parts of software, especially where two different engineers have to work together, is the responsibility of the software engineer.


Documenting the software’s internal architecture for potential servicing and updating is an essential task. Documentation is the most important external interface document.

Software Training and Support

A significant number of software projects fail because the developers don’t know how long a development team will take to build software if none of them end up using it. Occasionally people are resistant to change and fear is new, and as part of the deployment process, it is very important to have training classes for the most enthusiastic users of the software (build excitement and trust), shift training to neutral users in tandem with avid supporters, and finally incorporate the rest of the organization into their adoption. Users will have a lot of questions and problems with software

Maintenance Services

This may take much more time than the program’s initial creation to update and upgrade the software to deal with newly found issues or specifications. Not only can the code not match the original design, but it can only be essential for a software developer to decide how software functions after it is completed. Approximately 2/3 of all software work is maintenance, which can be misleading. A little error fixing is part of it. Hope these articles help to understand SDLC

Refer to the SDLC Documentation

Exploring SDLC Models

Waterfall SDLC Model Description:

The Waterfall model is a linear approach with benefits like simplicity, clear milestones, and well-defined phases. It requires thorough documentation for each stage, but rigidity and inflexible requirements may cause delays. Ideal for projects with clear requirements and scope.

Agile SDLC Model

Agile is a flexible, iterative development approach that breaks projects down into shorter sprints with frequent feedback loops. It offers advantages such as quick adaptation to evolving requirements, early feedback, and faster delivery. However, it requires active team collaboration, less emphasis on extensive documentation, and scope creep.

Iterative SDLC Model

Iterative models combine Waterfall and Agile approaches for software development life cycle management, allowing for incremental progress and early identification of issues. They are adaptable, but have drawbacks like long development timelines, complexity, coordination, and time consumption.

Spiral SDLC Model

The iterative software development approach involves multiple cycles of risk analysis, feedback, and evaluation, offering benefits like regular risk evaluation and adaptability to changing requirements, but also requiring experienced project management.


The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a framework that guides software projects from concept to implementation, ensuring that the highest quality criteria are met on time and within budget. This blog looked at the various stages of the project, from initial planning and requirement gathering to coding testing, deployment, and maintenance.

Happy Learning ..!! Please check below tutorial links to learn more about the SAP Tutorials

We are a group of SAP Consultants who want to teach and make studying tough SAP topics easier by providing comprehensive and easy-to-understand learning resources.

Leave a Reply


Enjoy this blog? Please spread the word :)