Welcome to SAP EWM’s (Extended Warehouse Management) interesting world! Discover an extensive collection of SAP EWM Interview Questions & Answers, covering essential topics and professional perspectives to excel in your upcoming interview. Acquire important expertise and strategic advice to effectively traverse the complexities of SAP EWM, ensuring a confident and well-prepared approach.
If you’re prepared for an interview in this field, it’s an up-and-down ride of questions and endless possibilities. Don’t worry, I’ve persevered, survived the hardship, and am now here to guide you through the maze with wit, knowledge, and a splash of humor.
Table of Contents
Introduction: SAP EWM Interview Questions and Answers
Explain SAP Extended Warehouse Management (EWM).
SAP EWM is used to streamline the procedures involved in moving items and effectively manage inventories in the warehouse, which allows the company to keep an eye on the flow of goods through the warehouse as well as the inbound and outgoing procedures.
Receiving and issuing items, fulfilling client demands, distributing commodities, and managing incoming and existing materials are the main processes in the warehouse. The warehouse manager does not need to oversee the goods if the business does not retain any inventory. The inbound procedure entails finding the items, taking them, and storing them in the WarehouseWarehouse substance is maintained in the storage bin if it is kept in the warehouse.
How is SAP EWM different from SAP Warehouse Management?
Similar to the warehouse management system, SAP EWM is a component of SAP supply chain management, but it provides more sophisticated and reliable capabilities to regulate critical warehouse operations.
Extended Warehouse Management for SAP While EWM and warehouse management are similar, EWM offers additional features, including RF framework pickup and storage, warehouse organization, and more adaptable solutions for handling warehouse operations. In SAP EWM, you can create additional features that weren’t available in WM, like resource areas and activity areas like labor management and work centers. An even more complete option for managing warehouse duties within a business is SAP EWM. It also functions as a part of SAP Supply Chain Management, aiding in the management of all supply chain procedures.
What are the key features of SAP Warehouse management?
The following are the primary characteristics of SAP Warehouse management:
- Using SAP EWM, you can control Warehouse activities such as picking, posting, and managing storage Bins and good receipts.
- You can set an alert for changed data before the goods are received from EWM to the ERP system, reverse or correct the receipt of the goods from EWM to the ERP system, and set an inbound delivery split from EWM to the ERP system.
- You can perform deconsolidation of handling units containing different products before put them away in different storage sections.
- You can determine storage concepts using slotting for products and optimize the arrangement of the goods warehouse automatically.
- It allows you to perform executable tasks like work packages, consisting of warehouse tasks that warehouse employees should perform as part of warehouse management activities.
- It allows you to manage and track vehicles and transportation units from yard check-in to yard checkout, including movement tasks within the yard.
- SAP EWM also includes the storage and handling of hazardous substances and their transportation by SAP Environmental Health & Safety EHS regulations.
- In SAP EWM, you can also plan labor times and resources more effectively. Hence, you can make your Warehouse efficient by managing critical resource management tasks effectively.
- In SAP EWM, you can use the Warehouse cockpit to display Warehouse key figures graphically and evaluate or monitor activities using defined chart types.
- You can use cross-docking, which allows you to transport units across different distribution centers or warehouses till they reach the final location in the Warehouse.
What are the different deployment options in EWM?
SAP EWM can be deployed either on an ERP server or utilized as a component within the supply chain management domain. SAP EWM is linked to ERP to acquire transactional and master data. CRM connectivity is necessary for utilizing features like slotting and availability checks. Despite being hosted on the same server as SCM apps, SAP EWM is considered a distinct application. To enhance performance, SAP EWM can be operated in a separate SCM environment as an alternative.
There are various options available for deploying EWM:
The SAP Extended Warehouse Management (EWM) system is installed on the Supply Chain Management (SCM) server or SAP EWM operating independently
How does the SAP ERP system communicate with Extended Warehouse Management, or CM with the APO system?
SAP ERP and EWM are tightly connected to facilitate the transfer of transactions and master data. There are two separate methods of communication.
The Core Interface (CIF) is a fundamental component.
The core interface serves as a standardized means of communication between the SAP SCM system and SAP Advanced Planning and Optimization APO. The ERP system contains master data such as customer, material, and vendor information. This data is sent to the EWM system using the Core Interface CIF connection.
How do you check the various menu structures of the Extended Warehouse management system?
Access the SCM system and locate the Extended Warehouse management node in the SAP menu. Various transactions might be utilized to oversee fundamental operations in warehouse management. The following are the codes for various functions in the Warehouse Monitor system
- Warehouse Monitor: Tcode – /SCWM/MON
- Maintain Inbound Delivery: Tcode -/SCWM/PRDI
- Maintain Outbound Delivery: Tcode SCWM/PRDO
- RF Environment: Tcode-/SCWM/RFUI
- Creating Storage Bin: Tcode- /SCWM/LS01
- Confirm Warehouse Task: Tcode- /SCWM/TO_CONF
- Warehouse Product Maintenance:Tcode- /SCWM/MAT1
What are the different Organizational units in Warehouse Management?
- Warehouse Number
- Storage Type
- Storage Section
- Storage Bin
- Activity Areas
What is a Storage Bin?
Storage bins are physical locations within a warehouse where products are stored. They are situated at the most basic level of the organizational system. When depositing an item in a warehouse, it is imperative to provide its precise position.
What is the use of Activity areas in the Storage Bin?
Storage bins are classified into distinct activity zones. It encompasses tasks such as selecting, storing, or doing a physical count of goods. You can allocate the same Storage Bin to several activity sections inside an activity.
What is Quant?
The quantity of products in the Storage Bin is denoted by the variable Quant. The quant is employed for inventory management within the Storage Bin.
How can you create Storage Bins?
To generate a Storage Bin, the T-Code /SCWM/LS01 can be utilized.
What are the structural elements in Warehouse management?
The warehouse consists of the following elements in a hierarchical structure −
- Warehouse Number
- Storage Type
- Storage Section
- Storage Bin
- Activity Area
What are the top and lowest units in a structure made of warehouses?
The largest entity within a warehouse is referred to as a warehouse number, while the smallest entity is known as a storage bin.
What is a storage section? Provide examples of the storage section.
This is a component of the Storage category and signifies a collection of Bins that share identical attributes. Typically utilized storage sections include categories such as high-velocity or low-velocity goods, etc.
What is a work center in a warehouse?
A work center in a warehouse is assigned to a Storage type and a physical unit to perform packing, deconsolidation, or weighing activities. Storage type assigned to the work center has a role of the work center, pick a point or pick point and identification. You can also configure more than one work center in an storage type.
In what warehouse procedures do you use work centers?
The following procedures can be carried out with a work center:
- Quality check
In the SAP EWM system, how may a packing work center be created?
To establish a packing work center, it is necessary to possess relevant information
- Storage Type
- Inbound Section
- Outbound Section
To specify a work center, go to Extended Warehouse Management, then select Master Data, followed by Work Center, and finally choose Define Work Center.
What are the many types of warehouse processes in the SAP EWM system?
The EWM system has predefined categories for various warehouse processes.
- Stock Removal
- Internal Movement
- Goods receipt posting
- Goods issue posting
- Physical inventory
- Cross Line Putaway
What is Value Added Services in Warehouse management?
Value-added services encompass the various tasks carried out in a warehouse to process a product, such as packing, labeling, and assembling.
How do you communicate the shipping and packing standards to employees?
The VAS order provides explicit instructions to Warehouse personnel regarding the tasks they are required to perform regarding delivery and packing criteria.
What are the various constituents of a Value-Added Order?
A Value-added services order has the following components:
- Order Header
- VAS activities to be performed
- Auxiliary Products (Packing material, labels, oil, etc.)
Where do you manage Packaging specifications?
Proceed to SAP. To access the packaging specification, follow this path: Easy access → EWM → Master Data → Packaging Specification → Maintain Packaging Specification.
How do you perform direct Goods Issues in the SAP EWM system?
The goods issue procedure in extended Warehouse management commences with an outward delivery request. The process of creating an outward delivery document initiates in the ERP system. In the context of EWM, the delivery document is duplicated in the SAP EWM system for pertinent items.
What do you understand by Stock Removal Strategy?
The stock removal strategy is a method used to determine the storage bins for one or more products that need to be picked. In the customizing for SCM extended Warehouse management, you can customize the stock removal rule definition table.
What is the definition of the Denial Scenario as it pertains to the Outbound Delivery system?
The Denial situation occurs in the EWM system when an outbound delivery request is generated but no Warehouse task is created, or if a task is created but only for a portion quantity.
When is the Denial scenario utilized in the EWM system for outbound delivery?
If a Warehouse job is unable to fulfill the requested quantity in an outbound delivery request, the system can be set up to generate a pick denial. If an employee picks a smaller quantity than what is specified in the outgoing delivery and there is no additional stock available in the Warehouse, you have the option to configure the system to automatically deny the choice.
What is Storage Control?
Storage control is employed to ascertain the motions of products within the warehouse. It is utilized to carry out the procedure of storing or removing items in the Warehouse.
What are the different types of Storage Control?
- Layout Oriented
- Process Oriented
Which component is prioritized in the execution sequence of ComBined Storage Control?
In SAP Extended Warehouse Management, the process-oriented storage control is performed initially, followed by the layout storage control. The layout storage control verifies if the put-away step is feasible in the warehouse layout view and adjusts the put-away or stock removal accordingly.
If no storage location is indicated for picking in an order item, the consequence is that the picking process cannot be carried out.
The system determines the Storage location when it creates an outbound delivery and copies it to the delivery item.
In EWM, where do you find the exact whereabouts of a material quantity in the Warehouse?
Which transactions can be used to generate a transfer order for transferring partial quantities of inventory within a Warehouse?
What is the status of the outgoing delivery’s goods movement after the cancellation of a goods issue?
Not yet started
The pick, pack, and pass process in the EWM system refers to the sequential steps involved in selecting, packaging, and transferring items.
This is utilized to oversee the selection, packaging, and transportation of items inside designated zones in the Warehouse. This can be utilized in a radio frequency (RF) setting frequently, and the procedural sequence is identical to that of a typical RF operation. In the pick, pack, and pass process, commodities are transferred from one activity area to another until they reach the final destination point in the system.
What distinguishes System Controlled and User Controlled Pick, pack, and pass of goods?
You require a Warehouse order generation rule that facilitates the prioritized development of Warehouse orders for the pick, pack, and pass procedure. The classification groups for this are as follows:
- The system-driven choice determines the sequence of Warehouse orders in the top Warehouse.
- The order is decided based on the assigned sort sequence in the configuration.
- Configuration options for accessing the activity zones.
Driven by the user −
- In the user-driven option, the sequence is determined manually during execution.
- This implies that the material flow system (MFS) is also capable of doing the task.
What is Replenishment in SAP EWM?
Replenishment is defined as the movement of goods from Warehouse to shipment locations. In SAP EWM, you can use predefined techniques for the replenishment of Storage Bins. There are different replenishment control fields defined at the Storage type level or Storage Bin level. The data for control fields can be entered manually in the system or you can use the slotting process to define these fields.
What are common Control fields in Replenishment?
The common Replenishment control fields are listed below.
- Minimum stocking quantity
- Maximum stocking quantity
- Replenishment quantity
What is Planned Replenishment and Order Replenishment?
Planned Replenishment: Planned replenishment can be executed either through interactive means or in the background. The system determines the replenishment based on the specified minimum and maximum quantities. Replenishment control is activated when the stock falls below the minimal threshold.
Order-related replenishment occurs when the stock level is below the desired quantity. The system increases the replenishment quantity to the nearest multiple of the minimum replenishment quantity. It is possible to surpass the maximum quantity, and replenishment connected to orders can be done either in the background or interactively.
What is the definition of automatic and direct replenishment?
The automatic replenishment process is initiated once a Warehouse task is confirmed. Replenishment is determined based on the highest and lowest levels of activity.
Direct Replenishment is initiated when a pick request is denied and can only be carried out in situations when bins are fixed. The system determines replenishment based on the maximum and lowest quantities. Picket-based direct replenishment is executed on the assumption of a Storage Bin amount of zero.
What is the purpose of utilizing Physical Inventor in SAP EWM?
To comply with financial accounting and tax rules, you may need to conduct an accurate inventory to determine the worth of inventory in the Warehouse. The physical inventory process is concerned with counting a warehouse’s physical inventory and obtaining counting results. Management can utilise physical inventory to count inventory so that products can be supplied or corrected.
What are the different types of Physical inventory?
Two types of physical inventory can be performed
- Storage Bin specific
- Product Specific
What are the different Physical inventory procedures supported in the SAP system?
- Cycle Counting
What is an Ad-hoc Physical inventory?
Ad-hoc physical inventory is a sort of continuous physical inventory that can be performed at any moment during the fiscal year when an ad hoc physical inventory is required.
What is Slotting process in EWM? What are the different parameters used in Slotting?
Slotting is a process in EWM to define the most suitable Putaway parameters- Storage type, section, etc. Slotting places the goods in a Warehouse in a manner that provides the most optimal Storage and picking of goods. Different parameters are used in the slotting process −
- Storage Requirement Data
- Product Data
- Packaging Data
- Demand Forecast
What is Direct and Indirect labor?
- Direct labor refers to the amount of time required to carry out warehouse tasks such as picking, packing, and put away.
- Indirect labor include additional tasks involved in warehouse management, such as sweeping, cleaning, and housekeeping.
What are Expected Good Receipts?
Expected good receipts are used to create inbound deliveries. You can also create goods receipts in the EWM system without an inbound delivery.
Advantages of using good receipt −
- This process occurs in the EWM system only.
- If your ERP system is down, you can still execute the expected goods receipt in EWM.
- Expected goods receipt is based on data in Production order so it can be used as a preview of goods receipt.
- This process requires two documents to be used in the EWM system −
- Notification Expected goods receipt
- Expected goods receipt
What is Cross docking in the SAP EWM system? Why do we use Cross-docking?
By using Cross Docking, you may decrease the costs related to transporting goods in the warehouse and also minimize the time it takes to deliver them. Cross docking entails a solitary movement of merchandise from the Goods Receipt (GR) Zone to the Goods Issue (GI) Zone. It is applicable only when the sequence in which the stock is taken out is not defined by the First in, First out (FIFO) concept.
What the different types are of cross-docking?
There are different types of cross-docking available in the SAP system −
- Transportation cross-docking
- Merchandise Distribution
- Push deployment
- Pick from goods receipt
- Opportunistic Cross-docking
What is the use of the RF framework in the EWM system? What are the functions that can be performed using the RF framework?
RF is an acronym for radio frequency mobile data entry in SAP EWM. It facilitates immediate contact between warehouse staff and the EWM system. The RF framework provides options for connecting to the SAP system, including both browser-based and GUI devices. It is possible to generate screen templates and merge them into a display profile. The display profile is assigned to the presentation device. The RF framework in the SAP EWM system offers all the necessary features for warehouse operations.
- Put away
- Physical inventory
The order specifies the outbound delivery plant for each item. The technology may determine the outgoing delivery plant automatically. In descending priority order, identify the highest priority outbound delivery plant.
Outbound delivery plant specified in Customer material information master record, ship-to party master record, Outbound delivery plant defined in material master record
What happens when no Storage location for picking is specified in the order item?
- When the system creates the outbound delivery and transfers it into the delivery item, it determines the Storage location.
- In the outbound delivery, the Storage location specified in the order item is used.
What is the status of the goods movement for the outward delivery after the cancellation of a goods issue?
Not yet started
Before goods are issued, you must always identify a batch. What is the solution if an item’s delivery quantities have to be drawn from multiple batches?
What is the requirement for the Purchase order items that are included when the inbound delivery is created?
They should have a confirmation control key
The Inventory Management system utilizes Storage spaces, which are designated as Storage types in the Warehouse Management system and as Storage locations in the IM system. The initial step in the process is to record the goods receipt for a purchase order in the Inventory Management system. Subsequently, the products are physically transferred to the Warehouse through a designated Storage space known as the goods receipt area. What is the term for these storage areas?
interim Storage Area The interim Storage area serves a unique purpose and is easily identified in the conventional system by its key (which begins with a 9). These storage locations provide as a link to Inventory Management. Interim Storage areas include places for goods receiving and distribution.
Where can we find the exact whereabouts of a material quantity in the Warehouse?
Bins for Storage Storage Bins are master data in Warehouse Management that can be created from the application menu or by Customising. The stock overview in Warehouse Management displays the precise location of a material quantity in the Warehouse based on this master data.
Some materials, such as certain fluids, are not suitable for interim storage in a goods receipt area. When they arrive, they are taken immediately to the destination Storage Bin (for example, in a road tanker). In this situation, receiving the products and posting them in Inventory Management should not result in the development of a transfer need. How do we do this?
Special movement indicator
A consumer may cancel an order at the last minute or request that it be delivered at a later date than scheduled. If the products have already been selected and transported to the goods issue location, they must be returned to Storage. What is the available transaction and what are its functions?
LT0G transaction You have the option of returning the entire delivery quantity to Storage. Individual transfer order products’ quantities can be returned.
What are the transactions available to create a transfer order for moving partial stocks within a Warehouse number?
To create a transfer order for relocating partial inventories within a Warehouse number, two transactions are available:
- Create Transfer Order without Source Object (transaction code LT01)
- Create Transfer Order from Stock List (transaction code LT10)
There you go An insight into SAP EWM that’s packed with humorous stories and personal experiences. When you embark on a journey on your EWM journey, remember that it’s not only about managing warehouses. Rather managing logistics to ensure an efficient supply chain is the thing that EWM excels at! Let your interviews be as smooth as an EWM-optimized supply chain! Happy Navigating!
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